San Juan is the capital and the most populous city in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, with its unregistered territory in the United States. As of the 2010 Census, its population was around 395,326 making it the 46th largest city under the jurisdiction of the United States. San Juan was founded by the Spanish colonists in 1521. San Juan is the capital of Puerto Rico, the second oldest European city established as the capital of the Americas, after Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic. Many historic buildings are located in San Juan. Among the most prominent former fortifications in the city, the Fort of San Felipe del Muro and Fort San Cristobal, La Fortaleza, the oldest executive palace in the Americas.

Today, San Juan contains the most important port in Puerto Rico, with the island’s financial and cultural center, as a tourist center. The population of the Metropolitan Statistical Area, including San Juan and the municipalities of Bayamun, Guaynabo, Cataño, Canóvanas, Kaguas, Toa Alta, Toa Baja, Carolina and Trujillo Alto, is estimated at about 2 million. Thus, nearly half of Puerto Rico’s population now lives and works in this area. San Juan is also the main city in the common statistical area of ​​San Juan Cagua-Fajardo. The city was the host of events within the sports community.

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El Catedral de San Juan Bautista

Catedral de San Juan Bautista de Puerto Rico
Catedral de San Juan Bautista de Puerto Rico

Church of San Juan de Banos de Cerato is an ancient monument consisting of the Gothic church located in the town of today in the ancient Panos de Cerato, in the provinces of Valencia, central Spain The church is located in the fertile Biswerga river valley, near the confluence with the River Carion Panos de Cerat and in the Roman era, and devoted the region for holidays and recreation is an important grain – producing region.

Old San Juan

Old San Juan
Old San Juan

The oldest part of the city is the area known as Old San Juan, most of which is influenced by the Spanish architecture. This part of the city is made up of a network of roads that are usually old. There are two-storey houses. Some colonial structures have been restored to serve government offices or museums. The old San Juan also features several public squares, such as the Plaza de Armas, located in front of the San Juan City Hall. In addition to cathedrals, such as the Cathedral of San Juan Bautista, San Juan is noted for being partly surrounded by huge walls with fortifications built by the Spanish government. Architecture is the most diverse in other areas of the city. The Santoris area has a lot of influence from the art of deco, while the Hatto Rai areas feature more modern structures.

El Castillo San Felipe del Morro

San Juan is the largest city and capital of Puerto Rico, the symbol of heritage buildings in Latin America. Its inhabitants speak Spanish, a mixture of races in which white, black, red Indians, Asians and other races live side by side in peace and harmony.

It contains many historic buildings, the most important of which are former military castles such as the Castle of Felipe del Muro and the Citadel of San Cristobal and La Fortaleza, the oldest government building in the Americas. San Juan is the island’s most important port in terms of industries, financial, cultural and tourist activity. The city hosted many important sporting events such as the American Olympic Games.

Church of San Juan Balneos

The Church Committee of the Western Goths (the Iberian peninsula, comprising Spain and modern Portugal), in 661, was the church’s solemn consecration, believed to be on January 3, 661.

The church was built as a royal institution under the control of the bishops of Valencia. The excavations carried out in 1956 and 1963 resulted in a medieval cemetery of 58 tombs to the north-west of the church. Three bronze pieces were discovered in the 7th century: Liturgical objects.


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