The capital of the Roman Empire, which took over vast areas of the European continent and the Mediterranean at one time, is the Italian capital and the first tourism destination in Italy, which boasts of the Roman historical monuments Colosseum colossum as well as the high-end markets and popular Italian restaurants.

Colosseum

Colosseum Rome, Italy
Colosseum

Roman amphitheater located in the center of Rome. It is a massive oval building with a length of 189 meters and dates back to the Roman Empire in the first century between 70 and 72.

Where the Colosseum is one of the greatest architectural and engineering works of Romania and is a great attraction for tourists from all over the world, and printed the image of the Colosseum on the five-cent piece of the Italian version, and the reason for the crash part of the Colosseum is a violent earthquake in the middle Ages.

It was called the Colosseum in relation to the monumental statue of Nero next to it (Colossus).The arena was used to fight wrestlers and popular contests such as sea battles, hunting, re-enactment of famous battles and dramas based on classical legends, ranging from 50,000 to 80,000 people in the eight-row stands.

Pantheon

Pantheon
Pantheon

The Pantheon in Rome means that it is the temple of all the gods. It is the oldest building in the dome that still exists in the city ​​of Rome. It was a building of the ancient goddess of Rome. It was the best preserved building of that era. It was used as a Christian church it is believed that this building belongs to the architect Tarhan Abudulos Damascene, built during the reign of the Roman Emperor Hadrian with the help of his brilliant architects.

Vatican

Vatican
Vatican

In an area of ​​about 148,940,000 square kilometers of land on the globe, there are countries that you see very difficult if you search them in the maps, because the area of ​​some do not exceed the area of ​​one of the neighborhoods in other countries, you can cut the whole country from east to west on foot Without the hassle of carrying any food or drink, it is a state within a city.

This small country, under the UN Charter, enjoys full equality with the major powers, and some of them have become a favorite destination for tourists of various affiliations and orientations.

Less than one square kilometer, the Vatican City is the world’s smallest country and officially named the Vatican City State. Its area is about 0.44 square kilometers and has a population of just about 1,000 people and is therefore the smallest country in the world in terms of population. A city in the heart of the Italian capital Rome, Rome surrounds the Vatican from all sides and separates them from its own walls.

The Vatican is the only country in the world where there are no children. All of its inhabitants are monks and nuns, but it receives hundreds of thousands of visitors a week to attend the Mass, which is led by the Pope. The Italian army is responsible for the security of the Vatican, on its territory, and represents those country ambassadors in a large number of countries in the world, with a population of only 800 people.

All Vatican residents are state employees, especially clerics, Vatican guards are Swiss. There are several thousand additional workers, who live outside the city limits. The official language of Latin, once the language of the Romans, remained as the official language of the Christian Catholic religion. In fact, the Italian language is the dominant language among the population and the Vatican.

 

 

The piazze

Piazza Navona
Piazza Navona

One of the most famous squares of Rome that attract tourists, including many of Rome’s tourist attractions such as the fountain of the four rivers, the fountain of Moore, the Church of St. Agnes and others. It is also one of the most beautiful places of tourism in Rome and includes many restaurants and cafés that are full of life at night.

 

Roman Forum

Roman Forum
Roman Forum

The Roman Forum in Rome is an important center of monuments in Rome  . It is a rectangular square in the heart of ancient Rome between the Palatine and Capetolin, where popular celebrations and government elections were held, an important center for public discourse and open trials, and the Roman Forum is thought to have been the most famous in history, in proportion to the many monuments that commemorate ancient Roman men.

Spanish Stairs

The Spanish staircase in Rome is a large stairway that connects the Spanish Circle and the Trinitade Monti Square. The stairs are located in a large square with the boat roundabout. It is also called the old boat dhow, which symbolizes the ancient sinking of Rome when the Tiber flooded and the river washed the boat here.

The Spanish stairway in Rome is one of Rome’s best tourist destinations.

Museum of Borghese

The Borghese Museum is located in Rome, Italy, and is settled in the former residence of Villa Borghese Punchiana, a former building that is an integral unit with its characteristic surrounding gardens which are now completely independent and are called by tourists with Villa Borghese gardens.

Trevi Fountain

Trevi Fountain in Rome Built in 1762 by the artist Nicola Salvi, the fountain is built under a magnificent old palace. The famous Neptune statue in the middle of the fountain stands on a horse-drawn cart surrounded by the three mythological fountains. The fountain will remain the largest fountain In the city with a height of 26 meters and a width of 20 meters. It is considered the most famous fountain in the history of art, literature, tourism, archeology and tourism throughout the European Continent.

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