Oran is one of the cities of Algeria, the second largest city in terms of population, and the fourth largest in the Maghreb, with a population of about 1 million (according to 2010 statistics). Located in the far west of Algeria, overlooking the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, the capital of the western region of Algeria is due to its strategic position of medium internal trade routes between the cities of Algeria, as well as foreign trade routes with southern European countries such as Spain and France, making it an important commercial center throughout history. One of the most famous cities of the city is Oran Bahia.
Thehistory of Oran dates back to the ancient centuries. It was founded byAndalusians and Moroccans in the tenth century AD. It signed the city underoccupation by many of the parties; in 1509 occupied by the Spaniards, and in1792brought them out of which the Ottomans and the continued rule of theOttomans in which even occupied by the French in 1838, and then got rid of theFrench rule in 1962 when it became independent in full Algeria. There aredifferent accounts about the reason for the designation of Oran by this name; some of them indicate that the name of Oran is Muthana word lion, whichindicates that, the origin of the name Burberry, and returns to the Valley ofHaran, or to the lions of the Atlas lived in the region.
Landmarks in Oran
The city of Oran has many famous landmarks dating back to different ages, reflecting the ancient history of the city.
The regional theater in Oran
It’s a cultural building characterized by Oran. It is located on the first of November, one of the largest theaters in Oran, Algeria. The regional theater is characterized by large halls and halls. The building has 600 chairs and is designed according to the European style.
Oran Cathedral is located on the street of Hamo Botlice, and is characterized by its design and construction elements of Roman and Byzantine architecture, with an oriental decoration. The cathedral was a center for Christians in Oran and is now a public library.
Great Temple of Oran
It is the temple of Oran – the so-called Abdullah bin Salam Mosque – on Mohammed Baghdadi Street in Oran. The temple was for Jews. It was built by the Jews in Algeria in 1918. It is a large and beautiful temple. The temple was distinguished by its construction; the stones were brought from Jerusalem. After the independence of Algeria, the temple was converted into a mosque.
Santa Cruz Castle
The castle is located on the highest mountain peak in Oran, called the Marjago Mountain. The castle was built by the Romans, where the castle now maintains its shape as a result of its privileged location. When the visitor visits the castle of Santa Cruz, he will see the Mediterranean Sea, the entire city of Oran, which is considered a jewel, and the Mediterranean Sea.
November 1st Square
The First of November is the heart of the city of Oran and the nerve of life. The First of November Square was created in honor of the famous Algerian revolutionaries who restored the freedom of Algeria from the French. On the first square of November there is the regional theater and the municipality of Oran.
Al-Bay Palace is located in Muftah Qweider Street in Oran. The palace was built by order of the great Bey Mohamed, one of the 17th century princes of Algeria. The palace is now a convenient place for recreation and recreation, a tourist destination for tourists to visit.
Church of Santa Cruz
It is a famous church in Oran, and is an important religious teacher in Algeria. The church is located in the heart of Oran, overlooking the entire city and the bay where it is locating.
The station was built during the French rule, and the structure of the station is famous for its collection of symbols of the three heavenly religions. The shape of the outside is shaped like a mosque; the minaret takes its time. The windows of the doors and windows and the roof of the dome contain the Star of David.
The most famous food in Oran
Oran boasts a very delicious cuisine, which includes many dishes that contain the history of the city.
Alkranteka is a dish catty historical famous, dates back to the sixteenth century, it was invented by the Spaniards during the siege at Fort Santa Cruz, as a result of the entry into force of supplies, the Spaniards were forced to use the rest of the chickpeas, flour, Tboukmha with water, salt and oil; since then, Eaters famous in The city, and the inhabitants of Oran continue to eat it today.
Paella the origins of this dish dates back to the Spanish occupation that was in the city, comes Paella name from the word “rest” in Arabic; where he refers to the remains of food that is not eaten, which is placed over each of these forms Eaters. Rice is the most important component of these eaters, and some fish, oysters, or chicken and meat are added if they are available.
Lamona is a very popular dessert in Oran, dating back to the 16th century. During the Spanish occupation of Oran, Spanish kings placed undesirable people in a building surrounded by monkeys (named after the Lamoun fortress). The families of the prisoners brought them as cakes and passed them between the bars, so this cake was named Plamona.