Moscow is the capital of the Russian Federation, one of the largest cities in Russia in terms of area and population, and has seen many developments and events that have played a major role in changing the world, and called the proportion of the great river that is located, which is gray in winter, Summer, the population has reached according to the statistics of the year of fourteen and fifteen to fifteen million people. Located in the European part of Russia, between the Volga and Oki rivers, and through Moscow there are dozens of small rivers: Sokhodi, Brescia, Khimki, Nishinka, Bauza and Nigelinia. The area is two thousand five hundred and eleven square kilometers, surrounded by a circular road It is about one-third of its area, and it rises from the surface of the earth by one hundred and fifty-six meters. Its climate is fluctuating. It may be 25 degrees below zero sometimes in winter, but it is very long. It is about six months long. Moderate temperature, and may be up to thirty-three degrees.
The Red Square in the Russian capital of Moscow (Krasnaya Blocchad) is the most famous place in Russia as a whole and Moscow in particular. It is located in the heart of the capital in the form of a square that separates the former royal castle from the official residence of the President of Russia. This is where the heart of Moscow is located, which is the destination of the great dreams of young people seeking to achieve it. The point and the revelation of their dreams with the scattering of any amount of iron coin – often picked up by the elderly of the destitute – which fulfills this dream – they believe –
Official venue for military shows, concerts, national holidays, ceremonies and public announcements
The Red Square has a rich history that is rooted in the depths of the past and is still a witness to its events. The land on which the red field was covered with wooden buildings was removed by Ivan III in 1493, Is a place to take pictures of the memories of newlyweds, strangers and visitors, especially on one side of which lies the tomb of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, the founder of the Soviet Union, who has been a magician for over 85 years. The region is also used for various public ceremonies and advertisements, the coronation of the Russian Kaisers.
Almost a hundred years after his death and more than a quarter of a century after the breakup of the Soviet Union, Lenin’s embalmed body is still on display at his shrine in Moscow’s red square in front of the Kremlin.
At the death of the leader of the October Revolution of 1924, a hastily contested mausoleum was erected to build a mausoleum in which the architect Alex Schucseev won. He first built two makeshift wooden mausoleums before the current mausoleum of concrete, which is covered with marble, was completed in 1930. The
Building, a pyramid of red steps and based on the Kremlin wall, was partially rebuilt in 1945, in the red arena.
The body of Lenin, who recommended his burial, was tentatively scheduled for only a temporary period. But the leaders of the Soviet Union decided to preserve his body and turned his mausoleum into one of the most prominent symbols of the Soviet regime.
The body of Joseph Stalin was shown alongside his predecessor after his death, from 1953 to 1961 year in which he was secretly transferred to a cemetery behind the mausoleum during the campaign to remove the traces of the Stalin era.
– Scientific achievement
The preservation of Lenin’s remains for more than 90 years has been a scientific achievement that has attracted generations of researchers.
His body was preserved by a team of scientists at the Institute of Medicinal Plants in Moscow. He also worked on the bodies of other leaders, including Vietnamese Ho Chi Minh, Angolan Agustino Nieto and North Korean Kim Il-sung.
These experts check every week of the case of Lenin’s body at the shrine of heat and humidity is fixed, covered with a glass box protects him from attacks of bacteria and keep it from dehydration and decomposition.
The Moscow Institute keeps the secret of measures taken and does not relate to the press. But team member Pavel Fomenko talked about the mummifying procedure of the North Korean leader when he died in 2011. “We take all the guts and clean the veins with a solution and pull the blood out of the tissue,” said team member Pavel Fomenko.
He added: «The body is placed in a bath filled with solution mummification on it cover and then a white sheet. Specific temperatures and humidity are maintained in the room. Gradually dissolves the solution in place of fluid in the cells of the body. The world explained that «the process of embalming takes about six months.
St Basil Cathedral
St. Basil’s Cathedral stands in the bustling Russian square of the red, this magnificent colorful cathedral with a magnificent design, and is crowned with the star of the field, to shine in the evening when the bright lights shine on it.
It is characterized by the beauty of its interior and exterior, and is nominated by some as the most beautiful cathedral in Europe, and is named by the name of St. Basil beloved by the Russian people and the Caesar.
The building has nine temples built on one foundation, but each temple is self-contained. It has beautiful icons and paintings. Its walls and domes are decorated with floral basalt colors, which harmonize with the dominant red color on the square, as well as harmony with the changing times of nature between night and day.
The cathedral is small in size, unlike what is found in the cathedrals of the west, which contains a vast courtyard of one artistic style. In its front garden stands a bronze statue of two leaders of Russia’s volunteer army against Poland.
It was commissioned by Tsar Ivan IV to architect Bostank Yakovlov to commemorate the fall of Kazan, and continued from 1555 until 1561.
The architect, Bosten Yakvelov, has designed several churches after the cathedral.
The Kremlin Museum Complex
The Kremlin is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Russia. It is a luxury historical palaces complex that was the seat of the old ruler of Russia and has now been converted into a number of museums.
These museums are located in the heart of Moscow, facing the Red Square and a number of commercial markets with a peak height of more than 25 meters and a little backward. The Kremlin is more than 500 years old. It was built in the late 15th century by the Russian Tsar Ivan Third, which ruled the Soviet Empire.
Every year, the Kremlin attracts a large number of Russian visitors or tourists to Russia for leisure and holidays.
The Kremlin Palace contains a vast collection of valuable artifacts and antiques, as well as the splendor of its unique architectural designs, which was co-designed by a large number of Russian and Italian architects.
Tretyakov Gallery is an art gallery in Moscow, Russia, depository of Russian fine art in the world.
The history of the exhibition begins in 1856 when Moscow’s Pavel Mikhailovich received the Tretyakov merchant and works of Russian artists in his time with the aim of creating a collection, which may later grow in the National Art Museum.
In 1892, Tretyakov presented his already famous collection of nearly 2,000 works (1,362 paintings, 526 drawings, and 9 statues) of the Russian nation.
The facade of the building has been designed by the Victor painter in the strange Russian style of fairy tale.
The exhibition was built in 1902-1904 to the south of the Kremlin in Moscow.
During the 20th century, the gallery expanded to a number of neighboring buildings, including the 17th century church of St. Nicholas.
The collection contains more than 130,000 exhibits, ranging from the Mother of God from Vladimir and the Trinity of Andrei Roblef to the seventh monumental installation by Vasily Kandinsky and the Black Square by Casimir Malevich.
In 1977 the gallery kept a large part of George’s collection.
In May 2012, Tretyakov played the Art Gallery hosting the prestigious FIDE World Chess Championships between Viswanathan Anand and Boris Gilfand as organizers saw the event promoting both chess and art at the same time.
The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts “was designed by the Romans Klein and Vladimir Shuchov and funded mainly by Yuri Nishayev-Maltsov. Construction began in 1898 and continued until 1912, headed by Ivan Rierberg of the structural engineering effort on the museum site for 12 years, until 1909.
In 2008, President Dmitry Medvedev announced plans to recover $ 177 million. He confirmed the $ 670 million expansion planned by Norman Foster in collaboration with the local Mosproject-5 architecture company in 2009, but became embroiled in disputes with officials and concerns that did not end in time for 2018. After Moscow’s chief engineer Sergei Kuznetsov issued an ultimatum, demanding that Foster take a more active role in the project and prove his commitment to come to the Russian capital within a month, Norman Foster resigned from the project in 2013.
It stills the main depositary of the Troy in the so-called gold treasure of the Priam treasure, which was removed from the troy by German archaeologist Heinrich Schleiman and later taken by the Soviet army (Red Army) from the Bergman Museum in Berlin; Artworks taken from Germany during the Soviet occupation at the end of World War II.
The Pushkin Museum has a growing group of non-published collections. Archaeological material from Central Asia, such as the Kushano-Sassanese coins treasure acquired in 2002.