London is the capital of United Kingdom also known as the “fog city” because of its climate, almost, permanent fog and cloudy even in summer. However, London is one of the oldest cities in the world.
London is Britain’s political, economic and cultural center as it hosts a large number of major universities, theaters, museums and major headquarters of international organizations and international companies. The most beautiful part of the city is the intercultural fusion that a tourist can recognize by simply walking on the sidewalk, riding the famous red bus, or traveling the London Underground with thousands of people of other nationalities. Here, it must be stressed that the London experience is complete only by riding one of the black taxis that offers a spectacular view of the city’s landmarks.
Once you reach the palace, you will receive a tourist dress todistinguish you from the original inhabitants of the country, as well as acomprehensive guide to the different sections of the royal palace. The guide will provide a full explanation of the history of the royal family and the inhabitants of the palace and its various parts.
Buckingham Palace was built in 1705 by Duke of Buckingham (JohnSheffield), and then moved to King George III in 1761, which he purchased for £ 21,000 at the time to be the residence of his wife, Queen Charlotte.
Over the course of 75 years, this palace was extended by John Nash andEdward Blur to three suites. In 1838, Queen Victoria became the official residenceof the Queen of Britain. In the late 19th century, several renovations and major expansions of the palace continued until the early 20th century.
The Buckingham Palace, the largest private park in Britain, is designed by Capability Bryn, and has been redesigned by William and John Nash, as well as a large lake that was completed in 1828 and supplied with water from Lake Srebetten.
Buckingham Palace has four main pavilions surrounding the courtyard. Theroyal family and guests are housed in the northern wing of the palace in 52rooms. Official ceremonies and social events are usually held in a number ofhalls on the first floor of the palace.
These halls include the dance hall. The official hall of the palace is distinguished by its luxurious furniture and walls decorated with original oil paintings, the throne room and the hall known as the Queen’s Gallery, located on the western side of the palace at the site of a small church bombed during World War II, It was renovated and reopened in 1962, and until 1999 it was visited by more than five million visitors. It was closed again, and new roomswere added to it. It reopened on 21 May 2002 during the celebration of thegolden Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II. The “Gallery” is open to the public most of the year and displays a large collection of more than 450 pieces of art from the royal family.
But if you move out of the palace you can see royal stables and golden wagons used in royal weddings and formal celebrations, as seen at the wedding of Prince William and the beautiful Kate Middleton.
It is worth mentioning that the palace starts to sell tickets at 12 noon, and access to the halls of the palace starting at 12.45, and then the Queen’s gallery at 2.00 pm, the palace is open until 19:00.
Do not miss watching the most important event waiting for millions of tourists from all over the world, the view of changing the Royal Guard every day at 11:30 am and take half an hour where you can watch the guards with distinctive clothes and hats unique and their misguided walking, and advised to come early before half an hour, especially in summer To get the best location to watch the show and watch the guard as they start arriving amid the music playing.
The Queen may appears to greet the visitors at the gate of the palace if it exists, but beware of trying to get too close or trying to escape from the guards and enter places not designated for the visit, it is known that the Royal Guard is very strict about these things.
The eye of London is located along the South Bank in the middle of London’s cultural district. Whether you’re on your way to a Shakespeare Globe theater or back from Tate Modern, it’s only a few steps away.
Since its opening in 1999, the Eye of London has become the top free tourist attraction in the UK – and the reason is obvious. Head to the top of Ferris wheel at 135 meters (443 feet) and you will enjoy the enchanting scenery of London, one of the most beautiful cities in the world.
Each view in the heart of London takes the form of an attractive cocoon and its glass walls display a 360-degree view of the capital. Look at the city from the top as you ascend your upper and higher chambers and watch Dari Parliament and Big Ben.
To the east, the Canary Wharf skyscrapers sparkle and the city of London. You can enjoy an unrivaled view of the bridges that cover the Thames, from the majestic splendor of the Tower Bridge to the elegant modernity of the Millennium Bridge.
Leisure activities around London Eye
There are plenty of things to do near London Eye for visitors looking for other activities. Discover life under the sea at the London Aquarium of Marine Life, or enjoy watching the city from the ground floor during a boat trip across the River Thames. In the winter, Iceboat, an ice skating rink near London’s Eye, is a great pleasure for the family.
Marble Arch is a white marble triumphal arch located at the intersection of Oxford Street, Edge Road and Park Lane in London.
The calligrapher’s corner, the so-called “Ask Ker Corner”, is located in the corner of the Hyde Park, which is closest to the marble arch.
Square Piccadilly Circus is one of the most popular tourist destinations in London. Here you can sit on the famous statue of Eros (popular meeting point), or take some pictures in front of the distinctive billboards.
From here, you can easily reach Regent Street, Piccadilly or Soho.Piccadilly Circus is the bustling square in the heart of London, famous for the fountain that has been installed here since the end of the 19th century, and has been transformed into a miniature version of Times Square.
It is located at the intersection with the five main roads: Regent Street, Shaftesbury Street, Piccadilly Street, Deer Street and Heimarkt. They were created by John Nash as part of King George IV plan to connect Carlton House – where Prince Regent lived – with Regent’s Garden.
The Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain in the center of the circus area stands the Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain, which was built in 1893. The statue of the seminude is located on the top of the fountain and its name changed to the god of love and beauty.
Piccadilly Square is surrounded by illuminated billboards on buildings, beginning in 1908. As of 2014, the site has six illuminated advertising screens over three large retail outlets, the area facing Piccadilly Circus on the north side. There are numerous signs for Burger King, Samsung, Nescafe, Hyundai Motors, and a lot of famous brands, as well as the Coca-Cola banner in Piccadilly Square since 1954.
Underground Station, Bakerloo and Piccadilly Lines
Piccadilly Circus Station is located in the London Underground directly under the Piccadilly Circus, with entrances in every corner. It is one of a few stations that do not have buildings above the ground, while all are completely underground. The station is located on the Piccadilly line between Green Park and Leicester Square, the Bakerlo Line between the Cross Shrinking and the Oxford Circus.
Today Piccadilly Square is now a popular square in London, a distinctive pedestrian area for gathering before you go to nearby shopping and entertainment. Soho, Chinatown, Leicester Square and Trafalgar Square are all within walking distance.
St Paul’s Cathedral
St. Paul’s Cathedral is located in the heart of London, England.
St. Paul’s Cathedral in London is the Anglican Cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the Mother Church of the London Diocese, dedicated to the Apostle Paul since the first church established on this site in 604 AD. A list of sixteen bishops of London was recorded by Jocelyne Vernes in the 12th century as proof that the Christian community in London began in the second century under the reign of the legendary king Lucius and the missionary saints Vagan, Elvanus, Derovian and Medwin, but none of this is certified by The modern structure of St. Peter on Cornhill was designed by Christopher Rehn after the Great Fire in 1666, and the Archbishop of Ristetos and Adelevius in the Council of Arles in 314 came from Lindenium. On the highest point in ancient Leninium Middle Ages legends return the building to the back of the earliest Christian community in the region.
St. Paul’s Old Cathedral was named after St. Paul the Fourth, built by the Normans after the fire in 1087, and another fire broke out in 1136 again. The new cathedral was not dedicated until 1240. During the construction period, the architecture changed from Roman to Gothic and raised in the pointed contracts and large windows of the upper parts and at the end of the east of the building, and built a Gothic ribbed dome like the Minster York of wood instead of stone, which affected the final shape of the building, 1256 and began in 1300 and did not end until 1314, and later in the ages It has been expanded to Osty the cathedral in just length annexation of the Church of the monastery of Cluny, and excavations discovered by Francis Penrose in 1878 showed that the length was up to 178 meters and 30 meters width.
St. Paul’s St. Paul’s Cathedral, which represents Wren’s appreciation of the traditional medieval English masters, is like the great medieval cathedrals of York and Winchester. The length of the cathedral is larger than its width and there is a strong projection on the cathedral wing. The towers are behind the corridors as in the Cathedral of Wales. One of the most distinctive features of the cathedral is the dome, which is 111 meters high and the cross is at its summit and overlooks the entire city.
The Tower Bridge is a bridge built during the period 1886-1894. It is a bridge between the canoe and the suspension located in London that crosses the River Thames, which is close to the Tower of London and has become an iconic symbol of London.
The bridge consists of two towers connected to each other at the upper level by two horizontal lanes suspended from the bridge on both sides of the land of the towers.
The bridge is 800 feet (244 meters) in length with two towers each tower 213 feet (65 meters) high, built on the sidewalks, the center is divided 200 feet (61 m) between the two towers to two equal parts, which can be turned to an angle of 86 degrees To allow the river traffic to pass, the tower bridge features tipping axes and the operation of the machines at the base of each tower.
The current color scheme of the bridge dates back to 1977, when it was painted in red, white and blue on Queen Elizabeth II’s silver Jubilee nights, originally painted in the middle of green and blue.
The nearest underground station to the Tower is the London Underground, and the nearest Docklands Light Railway Station.
The bridge was officially opened on June 30, 1894 by the Prince of Wales King Edward VII, and his wife Princess of Wales Alexandra of Denmark.
The Tower Bridge is still a vital passage from the River Thames, where more than 40,000 people (motorists, cyclists and pedestrians) cross every day, this bridge on London’s inner ring road.
Westminster Abbey and the Palace of Westminster
Westminster Palace is a meeting place for the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two Houses of Parliament of the United Kingdom, known as the Houses of Parliament after its tenants.
located on the bank of the Middlesex of the River Thames in the city of Westminster, in the center of London and its name derives from the nearby Westminster Abbey, which may refer to either of two buildings: an old palace, a medieval building complex destroyed by fire in 1834, Today stands for ceremonial purposes, the palace retains its original style and status as the royal residence.
First royal palace was built on a site in the eleventh century, and London’s Westminster was the primary residence of the kings of England until a fire destroyed much of the complex in 1512.
In 1834 the largest fire destroyed houses that had been largely rebuilt by Parliament. The structures were important for the survival of the Westminster Hall, St. Stephen’s Abbey, St Mary’s Church and the Jewel Tower.
The palace has been rebuilt by architect Charles Barry and designed for a building in a Gothic style, old palace remains (with the exception of a separate gem tower), and containing more than 1,100 symmetrically organized rooms around two series of squares.
Part of the new palace area has been reclaimed from 3.24 hectares (8 acres) of the River Thames, to prepare its 266 meter (873 ft) main façade in front of the river.
Barry was assisted by Augustus Bojn, a leading figure in Gothic architecture and style, who provided designs for the decoration and furnishings of the palace.
Construction began in 1840 and continued for thirty years, and suffered considerable delays and cost overruns, as well as the death of both architects; work continued for interior decoration intermittently in the twentieth century.
Major maintenance work carried out to reverse the effects of air pollution in London was carried out and extensive repairs took place after the Second World War, including the reconstruction of the Commons after its bombing in 1941.
The palace is one of the centers of political life in the UK; Westminster has become the UK Parliament, and the Westminster system has taken its name after that, the Elizabeth Tower, in particular which is often referred to as the main bell.
Big Ben is the distinctive and unique teacher in London and the UK in general, one of the most popular tourist attractions in the city and the banner of parliamentary democracy. Westminster Palace was the first runway built since 1970 and part of UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1987.
The British Museum was founded in London in 1753, a museum of human history and culture.
It is one of the largest and most comprehensive museums in the world, which shows the documentation of the story of human culture from the beginning until the present.
The British Museum is a museum in London dedicated to the history of man and culture, including the Rosetta stone, the hieroglyphic deciphering key, and the largest collection of mummies outside Egypt.
The museum was first opened to the public on 15 January 1759 at the Montagu House in Bloomsbury, at the site of the current museum building.
The museum is a public body sponsored by the Ministry of Culture, Information and Sports, as with all other national museums in the UK that charge admission fees.
Since 2002 he was the museum director Neil McGregor.
The British Museum is one of the most famous places in Britain and is accepted by tourists both inside and outside Britain.
Daily from 10:00 until 05:30 pm
Friday from 10:00 until 20:30