Istanbul has long been known as Constantinople, Byzantium, Astana and Islambol. It is Turkey’s largest tourism city and the second largest city in the world with a population of about 13 million.
Istanbul was the capital of many states and empires, where it was the capital of the Roman Empire, followed by Byzantium where it was the capital and then the Latin and finally the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
Istanbul’s historic landmarks were added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1985. The city of Istanbul was chosen as the joint capital of European culture in 2010.
Founded as the Cathedral of the Orthodox Patriarchate and after the Islamic conquest turned into a mosque, then became a museum. The site is one of the most important sites of Istanbul and Turkey, which is a world-class architectural masterpiece and one of the most famous tourist places in the world.
The Palace of the High Gate or Top Capi was an administrative center of the Ottoman Empire, and today it is an ancient museum that contains everything related to the Ottoman culture in a wonderful display and in many rooms. Perhaps the most important of these rooms are those containing the sacred secretaries, including the sword of the Prophet and the Swords of the Caliphs. Do not miss the visit of Topkapi and devote her to a few hours will remain entrenched in your mind a long time. Tourism in Istanbul and Turkey is not made without this visit.
Sultan Ahmed Mosque
Built between 1018 and 1020 AH by one of the most famous Turkish architects, Mohamed Agha, a student of the most famous Turkish architects, architect Sinan. Is the only mosque in Turkey, which contains 6 light beacons, 3 of which are distributed to the right and three on the other side, and the dome is one of the greatest domes in Turkey.
What is interesting about the construction of the mosque is that it was an attempt by Sultan Ahmed to erase the impact of the defeat of the imperial armies on the Persian and Austro-Hungarian frontiers, and that is why he wanted him to be greater than all the mosques of the former sultans to be remembered as having left the greatest influence on the city and not as in his time the greatest military setback.
The interior of the mosque is decorated with a distinctive collection of different decorations, which vary from gold to the art of engraving, which paints some precious verses in a finely crafted painting.
It is influenced by exterior design and the number of minarets in the Holy Mosque in Mecca, and its interior decorations gained by the name of the Blue Mosque influenced by the designs of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem. Everything inside and outside the Sultanahmet Mosque is a striking architectural design that attracts attention and astonishes sight in a mosque that tells stories from history and the Ottoman civilization.
Access to Sultanahmet Mosque is very easy by tram T1 and get off at Sultan Ahmed station.
Istanbul Archaeology Museums
Archaeological museums in Istanbul are located in the Eminonu area next to Topkapi Palace and Gulhane Park in Istanbul. It consists of three historical museums: the Museum of Antiquities, the Museum of the Ancient East and the Museum of Islamic Art. The museums contain more than a million artifacts from ancient times and civilizations from around the world.
Turkish and Islamic Arts Museum
Istanbul Islamic Museum or the Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts (Turkish: Türk ve İslam Eserleri Müzesi) One of Istanbul’s most important tourist attractions.
The Islamic Museum in Istanbul contains a large number of Islamic monuments, such as the ancient Islamic manuscripts, numbering about 15,000 manuscripts and others, located in Sultanahmet Square in Istanbul.