Irbid is the Jordan’s second largest city after the capital Amman for its population. An economically, commercially and academically developed city, the city has since the middle of the last century attracted large attractions for its surrounding countryside, capturing a population of a few thousand to nearly 300,000 today.
It is the mother of the Jordanian villages: more than 500 villages surrounded by all sides, one of the most famous cities in the world . It is surrounded by many valleys, running and dry, but the countryside was not limited to the surrounding geography, but came to it through the large migrations of the villages, to paint the city’s rural colors.
Museum of Jordanian Heritage
The Jordanian National Heritage Museum at Yarmouk University is promoting tourism and is one of the tourist attractions in the northern Jordan region; the museum represents part of the Faculty of Archeology and Anthropology at Yarmouk University, and reflects the evolution of humanity from its early stages to the present day.
The museum was established in cooperation with the German government in 1984. It was officially opened in 1988. It displays exhibits produced by faculty members, researchers and technicians in the faculty, where they are conducted individually or in cooperation with other local or foreign bodies.
The museum aims to preserve the national heritage, where the museum provides exhibits suitable environmental conditions for conservation and storage, in addition to follow the scientific methods of health to document them, and provided the academic side of the college.
The museum’s collection is used as an educational tool for students and gives its diversity and different places of discovery a good opportunity to conduct comparative studies.
The museum aims to enhance the awareness of the importance of Jordanian heritage by presenting the development of this heritage, and to allow the public to view the permanent museum exhibition or temporary exhibitions organized from time to time, as well as to raise awareness among the public to realize that the heritage of Jordan is part of the world heritage.
The museum includes three main sections, the main exhibition hall, coins, and temporary exhibitions. The main exhibition hall consists of four halls, the first showing the prehistoric stages (the stages of fishing and the gathering and production of lunch).
The second represents the emergence of cities and kingdoms in their contemporary sense. The third represents the classical period: the Nabataean, the Roman and the Byzantine. A cultural material was found in this hall, which was found in different parts of the Kingdom.
The fourth represents Jordan during the Islamic periods and displays in this hall an archaeological material representing the Umayyad, Abbasid, Ayyubid, Mamluk and Ottoman periods, as well as exhibits representing the modern Jordanian heritage, including the shop of Attar, Haddad, Fakhoury and Alnasaj.
The fourth hall leads to the heavenly courtyard of the museum, which is designed to display examples of rural architecture with details such as broken contracts, arches and arched facades. One of the rooms in the country house represents a living room, and the guests receive a rural style and there are other rooms used as stables and tabun for bread.
The museum includes a first floor displaying exhibits representing the development of ancient techniques such as the manufacture of stone tools, engraving on rocks, pottery and glass industry, mining and straw and textile industry, as well as models of the development of lines, seals and amulets.
The exhibition hall is dedicated to the establishment of special exhibitions and for specific periods. The topics of these exhibitions are carefully selected to reflect the museum’s objectives, especially those that contribute to enhancing the awareness of the public to realize the importance of heritage and care.
Irbid Archaeological Museum
The Irbid Archaeological Museum contains many artifacts discovered inareasIrbid, and isoldest museum inprovince. The most important elements of the exhibition cabinets in the Museum of Antiquities Irbid: archaeological collections pottery and glass dating back to the various archaeological ages, from the Stone Age to the Islamic era.
The Irbid Museum or Dar Al Saraya is located in the hill known as Tal Irbid. This hill is so magnificent that the site was very suitable for the museum site. The museum consists of seven halls, six of which are part of the original Ottoman building consisting of a group of rooms surrounded by an open courtyard. The exhibits were distributed in three large halls according to the chronology of the cultural stages of the Jordanian archeology adopted worldwide. In addition there are three showrooms. The building is similar in its layout to the castles and cabins built by the Ottomans on the path of the Shami pilgrimage.
Natural History Museum
This museum is one of the most important museums that have introduced us to the history of nature in Jordan, where we can identify many species of animals and birds in Jordan.
In addition to the skeletal structures that have existed in the area throughout the ages. In addition, you can identify the types of soil and rocks that make up the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
It is a very important museum especially for college students who are constantly visiting it.
This historic town is located in the northern Jordan Valley district of Irbid, about 30 minutes by car, known as Bella.
This area contains many important historical buildings, as well as a large number of small Byzantine churches in addition to many pottery pieces of various shapes and sizes.
Many coins are also, and are known for some ancient ruins dating back to the Stone Age.
Byzantine Church in Irbid
This church was named by many names, such as the central church or the octagonal church, in addition to the common name, the Byzantine church, the entrance of this church to the west.
There is basalt columns dating back to an ancient Roman temple, its floor decorated with geometric shapes, and at its eastern end you can see the altar, as well as two small churches on the right of this church.