Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland and Scotland is an important part of the UK. Edinburgh is located in the south-east of Scotland, located on the North East Sea coast. The city of Edinburgh is the second largest city in Scotland and the UK is the seventh city. Edinburgh has a population of about 471,000 according to 2008 estimates.
In this city there is the Scottish Parliament, an important enlightenment center during the Enlightenment era. One of the most famous of this city is the universities, most notably the University of Athens North. According to UNESCO’s classification, the two ancient and modern towns of this city joined the World Heritage List in 1995. In the city there are more than 4,500 buildings.
In Edinburgh, there is a big and famous festival, and this festival includes a number of festivals, the most famous of which is the Book Festival, which is a very big and international festival in this ancient city. The number of visitors to Edinburgh in this festival is similar to the city’s population, and during the year, the number of visitors to this city is estimated at one million visitors and visitors; this city is one of the most important cities of the United Kingdom in terms of tourism after London, the capital of United Kingdom.
Edinburgh Castle is the icon of the world famous in Scotland and part of Edinburgh’s old and new world heritage sites.
She recently voted the top to attract UK heritage at the British Travel Awards and number one to drive attractions in Scotland.
Edinburgh Castle is the most famous Scottish castle with a history of building the complex. The oldest part, the Chapel of St. Margaret, dates back to the twelfth century; the Great Hall was built by James IV around 1510; the Scottish War Memorial was designed after the First World War.
You can enjoy guided tours and there is a tour of the audio guide available in eight languages.
The audio tour takes the visitor on a tour around the castle, explains its architecture, and tells its dramatic history. This guide is available in English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Japanese, Russian and Mandarin.
The royal crown jewel shop can be enjoyed in apartments offering exclusive lines of specially designed jewelry.
Complimentary vehicle (provided by the Bank of Scotland) Visitors with disabilities can take the castle up stairs to reach the crown jewels, stone and accompanying exhibition. The stairs are also provided for access to the monument. As for the double vision, there is a free Braille guide to enjoy Also in their journey.
The royal castle is located on a rock since the reign of David I in the 12th century and continued to be the site of the royal headquarters until the union of crowns in 1603.
The importance of the castle as part of the national heritage of Scotland was increasingly recognized as early as the 19th century onwards and has carried out various restoration programs over the past century and a half.
As one of the most important strongholds of the Kingdom of Scotland, Edinburgh Castle participated in many historical conflicts of Scottish independence wars in the ninth century to the Jacobite high of 1745 14.
The castle also has Scottish uniforms, known as the Honors of Scotland, the Scottish National War Memorial site and the National War Museum of Scotland.
The British army is still responsible for some parts of the castle, although its existence is now largely ceremonial.
Some of the castle buildings to accommodate the museums that contributes to it as a tourist attraction.
The ruins of Craigmillar Castle are a fantastic place to see. Located just after Holyrood Park, about 5Km east of the city centre, the first part of the castle was built in the 14th century. If you’re going by taxi, don’t forget to keep a number of a taxi company to call one to go back to the city.
Abbey and Palace of Holyroodhouse
Holyrood House Palace, referred to as the Holyrood Palace, is the official residence of the most important royal palaces in the UK in Scotland.
It is located at the bottom of the Royal Mile in Edinburgh, at the opposite end of Edinburgh Castle.
The Holyrood Palace was founded by King David I of Scotland, in 1128, near Edinburgh Castle.
James IV built a new palace adjoining the monastery in the early 16th century, and introduced James V. additions to the palace, including the current Northwest Tower.
The Hullyrod Palace was rebuilt in its present form in 1671 and 1679 to design the architectural baroque Sir William Bruce, forming four wings around the central courtyard, with the west front connecting the Northwest Tower 16 with the matching Southwest Tower.
The Queen’s Gallery was built adjacent to the Palace and was opened for the public in 2002 to showcase the works of art from the Royal Collection.
Queen Elizabeth spends one week staying at the Holyrood Palace at the beginning of each summer, with a host of formal engagements and celebrations.
In modern times, kings spend at least one week each year to hold the court officially in the palace.
The current Queen stays one week in Holyrood in the summer, during which time investments are held at the show, and the crowds are held in the morning room.
In the palace the queen meets and appoints the first minister of Scotland.
Prince Charles also stays in Holyrood for one week and one year, doing his official duties on behalf of the Duke of Rothesay, while other members of the royal family, including Princess Anne, visit less formally.
In the role of the palace as the king’s official residence in Scotland, Hollerod House hosted a number of foreign visitors and dignitaries, including Harald V of Norway in 1994, Margaret II of Denmark, Francois Mitterrand, Helmut Kohl, Nelson Mandela, 2003, and Pope Benedict XVI in 2010.
meeting of the Council of Europe was held at the palace during the British presidency of the Council in 1992.
Architectural historian Dan Crockshank selected the palace as one of the eight options for the best British buildings story of 2002 in the BBC.
Over 150 years old, the Camera Obscura focuses light from the top of the tower onto a large dish in a dark room below, allowing a 360-degree view of all of Edinburgh.
Enjoy the climbing of Arthur’s Seat , a rocky summit of 250 meters high. And formed the summit of the volcano is dormant and this gave shape to this wonderful part of the city. You can see some wonderful views from there while enjoying a nice stroll at the same time. You can walk slowly and take regular breaks to enjoy the beauty of the scenery and think about what you will lose if you do not climb. Make sure you took your coat because it might be windy there.