Berlin is the largest tourist city and the capital of Germany and the second largest city of the European Union after London.
Berlin is one of the most important cultural and tourist cities in Europe and the world. It boasts historical and archeological sites that deserve to be visited. The Berlin Wall includes many of Europe’s finest shopping venues.
Saw the transformation of the remnants of the political border into an art gallery where an exhibition was held at the eastern end of the wall.
Alexander Platz is one of Germany’s largest and most beautiful squares. It is distinguished by the existence of many ancient archaeological markets. It is considered an important commercial area there.
The Brandenburg Gate is one of the most important tourist attractions in Berlin, the capital of Germany. It is named for Brandenburg.
The Brandenburg Gate was built in the 18th century in 1788 to be completed by the end of 1791. The gate was designed by Carl Gotthard Longens.
The sandstone gate is built 26 meters high and 65.5 meters wide. It consists of 5 corridors and consists of six huge pillars, 15 meters high, decorated with beautiful Greek reliefs, deep and prominent.
The largest corridor in the middle was the rulers and the royal family, the corridors adjacent to the use of the aristocratic class while allowing ordinary citizens to use the side corridors only.
Later in 1793, a bronze statue of a four-horse-drawn vehicle, mediated by Victoria, the goddess of victory for the Greeks, was placed on the gate. During the course of history, the statue was lowered three times, most recently in 1806, Napoleon took the four-horse cart to Paris. But after the victory of the Allies in eight years it was retrieved and placed in its original place at the top of the gate.
Berlin’s Brandenburg Gate is located in Pariser Square, at the end of Unter den Linden, a great hiking street and walking through central Berlin. It is one of the most important tourist places in Germany.
The artistic museum dates back to the 18th century as a social phenomenon. The five museums at Berlin’s Museziencell, which were built between 1824 and 1930, are the embodiment of the Ro’oi project and the evolution of the concept of museums over the centuries. Each museum is designed on the basis of the organic relationship between it and the group that houses it. The importance of groups that witness the development of civilizations is doubly important in the civil and geometric values that they contain.
The Charlie Checkpoint was originally built as a residential building in Friedrichstrasse, 43 in the Kreuzberg district of Berlin, designed by Peter Eisenmann, to be part of the International Building Fair in 1987. In 1961, the Berlin Wall was built by the East German government. Shortly thereafter, John F. Kennedy, then president of the United States, decided that US forces in Berlin should establish three checkpoints in the German-German barrier. The purpose of these barriers was to allow entry and exit of members of the diplomatic corps and allied forces. The checkpoints were called the Alpha Checkpoint, the Bravo Checkpoints, and the Charlie Checkpoint, also known as A, B and C … The most famous checkpoints were the Charlie checkpoint. It was a symbol of division, while today it is a monumental witness to the division of Germany into two states (East and West). In this place one can sense the atmosphere of the cold war more than anywhere else in the world. But barriers, harassment and guard towers no longer exist. There is only the “Charlie Checkpoint”, which is only a replica of the old watchtowers. Today it is a memorial to the Cold War period and is one of Berlin’s famous tourist attractions. And at the Charlie Checkpoint Museum, a collection of documents on successful and failed escape attempts, as well as various models of the means used to escape East Germany.
A special human rights museum, founded by Hildebrandt in West Germany in 1963 under the Berlin Wall, later turned into the “Charlie Checkpoint” museum and became its former checkpoint after the wall was demolished in 1990.
The museum runs an association founded by Hildebrandt, Thousand people from around the world annually. The museum contains pieces of wall, the fashion of border guards and a number of cleverly modified cars used to smuggle people fleeing the communist regime to the west. During the Cold War, some historical events took place at the Charlie checkpoint. In 1961, there was a confrontation between American and Soviet tanks at this point, and there were visits to important presidential and political figures, including US President John F. Kennedy and Soviet President Nikita Khrushchev.
Jewish Museum Berlin
Jewish Museum is located on a land that was formerly part of West Berlin before the fall of the Berlin Wall and consists of two buildings, one of which was a new addition built specifically for the museum by the architect Daniel Liebeskind to display German Jewish history in the permanent exhibition as well as in various exhibitions and documented German Jewish history in collections and archives Computers The museum was opened to the public in 2001.
The original building of the Jewish Museum in Berlin was located in Oranienburger Strasse since 1933 but was closed by the Nazi authorities in 1938. The association of the Jewish Museum was established in 1975, Jewish History in 1978. The subject was suspended until the German government announced its intention to design a new building for the Jewish Museum in 1988. The work began in 1992 and ended in 1999 and the number of visitors reached about 350, zigzag.
The horizontal planter also took a broken shape with six sharp angles in relation to the six-pointed Star of David. This broken line makes the visitor search to find his lost path.
The museum is about 15,000 square meters of twisted and winding construction. The main characteristic of the building is its broken walls and floors. The Slippery Slope Liebeskind has created what can be called underground underpasses, which symbolize the difficult way in which Jews walked through the Nazi period of Germany.