Barcelona is the capital of the autonomous province of Catalonia, the largest city in terms of population, Spain’s second city with more than 1.6 million inhabitants and nearly 3.2 million people in its urban area. Barcelona is located on the Mediterranean coast, between the mouth of the Liuburgat and Psos rivers, surrounded by the Queeserola mountain range.
Barcelona is an important economic center and one of the most important ports of the Mediterranean, and the international airport is the second in Spain. Barcelona was founded in the Roman period in the third century BC, and after its annexation to the Kingdom of Aragon turned into the most important cities of the Kingdom. Today Barcelona is an important cultural center and a major tourist destination in Spain. The architectural works designed by Gaudi, Leos Domenech and Muntu in the city were announced as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In 1992, the International Olympics took place. Barcelona also has the centers of government in Catalonia, the government, the parliament and the Supreme Court, the capital of the Pratslonas Brigade.
Barcelona is characterized by a mild Mediterranean (thanks to the near sea) and most of the rain falls in Barcelona during the winter. Temperatures in the hottest seasons of the year, August, are 24 degrees and in the coldest months of the year, January, 8 degrees.
La Sagrada Familia
The Sagrada Familia is one of Spain’s most famous tourist attractions of religious character. It contains many statues and stone statues. Since 1882, the world architect Antonio Gawi began building this huge temple. To this day, parts of the Sagrada Church are still incomplete.
The Sagrada Familia Church is one of the most attractive places for tourists in Barcelona and one of the largest cathedrals in Spain is a great masterpiece consisting of three main facades:
The eastern façade is called “Nativity”. It was completed in 1930 and has complex architectural towers, the southern façade called “Glory” and the western facade called “Passion”.
Barcelona Street is the main street in the city and its heart beating visitors every day in the morning is filled with vendors and tourists and in the evening becomes the night of tales and novels where the street Rampla Barcelona to the cells crowded with people and begin the nights full of the atmosphere of joy and happiness until dawn.
Barcelona is one of the most important tourist attractions in Spain. Barcelona, which sells flowers for 1.2 km, links the Piazza Catalunya to the city center, ending at Christoph’s beach filled with ships and the Olympic port to earn Barcelona’s Rambla.
Camp Nou (FC Barcelona stadium)
The new field is a football field in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, a stronghold of the famous Spanish football team Barcelona since 1957.
This stadium is one of the most famous landmarks of Barcelona and one of the most prominent places of tourism in Spain.
It is 4 km away from the center of Barcelona, 250 meters long and 220 meters wide, and the stadium covers an area of 550000 square meters.
The stadium is home to about 100,000 fans and is the largest football stadium in Spain, but in Europe as well as the third largest football stadium in the world.
The Camp Nou has hosted many of the most important football matches in history, such as the 1982 World Cup semi-final and the 1992 Champions League final.
The Camp Nou stadium was built in March 1954 by the architects Francisc and Gusepp. It was supposed to be called the Stadio Barca but in the end it was named Camp Nou.
The Camp Nou is the most famous and popular football stadium in the world.
The Gothic Quarter is an old popular area in Barcelona dating back to the 10th century. It is characterized by the Gothic style from which it was taken. You can see the old buildings, the small bars, the old archaeological hospital building and the famous Picasso museum, which includes most of Picasso’s genius works, the world to visit, in addition to the old historical cathedral.
The area of the Gothic Quarter or the Old Town is also called by some in the same location of the ancient Roman city of Parsino, parts of which still exist. The city began to flourish in the tenth century AD, but it became one of the most important Roman cities in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, where it witnessed strong growth, and many palaces and large churches appeared. The city continued to flourish until the fifteenth century. Barcelona was put in place for several centuries until the late 19th century when the engineers noticed the existence of a treasure of Gothic heritage in the city of Barcelona and began to take care of it and renew it and preserve it.
Some of the most important attractions in the Gothic quarter
The Tomb of St. Olaya
Barcelona Cathedral in the Middle Ages
Saint Philip Neri Church
La Plaça de Catalunya
Plaza Catalunya is one of the most famous squares and tourist places in Barcelona and the vibrant heart of the city. It is the main entrance and the first of the Barcelona International Exhibition which was held in 1929 and an important landmark linking the ancient Gothic buildings of the modern city.
The Plaza Catalunya is about 50,000 square meters, or five hectares, with a charming fountain in its center, as well as two bullfights. This has increased the importance of Catalonia in Barcelona and made it a major and important landmark.
The square is known for its proximity to the most important tourist attractions in Spain and from the most popular areas of the city such as the Gothic Quarter and the Ramblas. It also contains many restaurants, cafes, hotels, theaters and a great shopping center.
History Museum of Barcelona
This museum shows the history of the city of Barcelona from the Roman times to the present day, located within a Gothic-style palace consisting of 3 floors in the Gothic Bari area near the Lasso Church.
The museum includes monuments and excavations dating back to the Roman settlements that inhabited the area. It also presents the history of Catalonia and the history of Barcelona’s historic city and its stages of development.
Picasso Museum in Barcelona Opened in 1963, it was the first museum dedicated entirely to the work of the artist. The museum houses more than 3,500 works by Pablo Picasso.
It is a mountain overlooking the city of Barcelona, the highest mountain in the region, and is located at the top of the mountain park and the famous Catholic Church, and the church is visible from almost every point in the city.
Barceloneta Beach Barceloneta beach
It has been chosen by National Geographic as the best beach town in the world and is 4.5 km from various beaches and Barceloneta beach is probably the most popular.
It is located outside the beautiful Montserrat mountain range and is a popular attraction for rock climbers, hikers and other visitors to enjoy magnificent views.
It is a building designed by Anthony Gaudi. Construction began in 1906 and took 6 years to complete. The beautiful building is the UNESCO World Heritage Site and is open to public visits both inside the building and on the roof. The building also carries various exhibitions and activities.