The Kerala backwaters are a chain of bitter tidal ponds and lakes lying parallel to the Arabian Sea drift (known as the Malabar Coast) of Kerala state in southern India. The system incorporates five huge lakes connected by trenches, both synthetic and common, nourished by 38 waterways, and expanding a large portion of the length of Kerala state. The backwaters were shaped by the activity of waves and shore streams making low hindrance islands over the mouths of the numerous waterways streaming down from the Western Ghats run.


The Kerala Backwaters are a system of interconnected trenches, streams, lakes and gulfs, a tangled framework shaped by more than 900 km of conduits, and here and there contrasted with the American Bayou. Amidst this scene, there are various towns and urban areas, which fill in as the beginning and end purposes of backwater travels. National Waterway 3 from Kollam to Kottapuram, covers a separation of 205 km and runs practically parallel to the drift line of southern Kerala encouraging both freight development and backwater tourism. The critical streams from north to south are the Valapattanam waterway (110 km.), Chaliar (69 km.), Kadalundipuzha (130 km.), Bharathapuzha (209 km.), Chalakudy stream (130 km.), Periyar (244 km), Pamba (176 km), Achancoil (128 km.) and Kalladayar (121 km.). Other than these, there are 35 all the more little waterways and rivulets streaming down from the Ghats. A large portion of these streams is traversable up to the midland locale, in the nation makes.

The backwaters have an interesting biological community: freshwater from the streams meets the seawater from the Arabian Sea. A blast has been worked close Thanneermukkom, so salt water from the ocean is kept from entering the somewhere inside, keeping the crisp water in place. Such crisp water is broadly utilized for water system purposes.


Numerous exceptional types of oceanic life including crabs, frogs and mudskippers, water feathered creatures, for example, terns, kingfishers, darters and cormorants, and creatures, for example, otters and turtles live in and close by the backwaters. Palm trees, pandanus bushes, different verdant plants, and shrubs develop close by the backwaters, giving a green shade to the encompassing scene.

Eastern Kerala comprises of land infringed upon by the Western Ghats; the locale along these lines incorporates high mountains, crevasses, and profound cut valleys. The most out of control lands are secured with thick backwoods, while different locales lie under tea and espresso estates (built up chiefly in the nineteenth and twentieth hundreds of years) or different types of development.

The Western Ghats ascend all things considered to 1500 m rise above ocean level. A portion of the well-known slope stations in the district is Munnar, Vagamon, Paithalmala, Wayanad, Nelliyampathi, Elapeedika, Peermade, Thekkady, and Ponmudi.

The majority of Kerala, whose local territory comprises of wet evergreen rainforests at bring down heights and good country deciduous and semi-evergreen woods in the east, is liable to a sticky tropical atmosphere. Be that as it may, critical varieties in territory and rise have brought about a land whose biodiversity enrolls as among the world’s huge. The greater part of Kerala’s essentially biodiverse tracts of the wild lie in the evergreen woodlands of its easternmost locale. Kerala likewise has two of the world’s Ramsar Convention-recorded wetlands: Lake Sasthamkotta and the Vembanad-Kol wetlands are noted as being wetlands of worldwide significance.

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